Doshi-Gandhi, Anjli and Ishak, Ismahalil and Azman, Nur Airena Aireen
Migration in Malaysia: Social and family impact / Dr.Anjli Doshi-Gandhi...[et. al].
In: International Population Conference on Migration, Urbanisation & Development, 8 July 2013, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.
More people are migrating or emigrating than ever before. People move for various reasons, mostly for better job opportunities, to pursue further education or in search of a better quality of life. Malaysia is not an exception to the migration phenomena. Due to its economic prosperity and rapid economic growth over the decades, Malaysia has become one of the major destinations for poorer citizens of neighbouring countries. It hosted approximately 1.6 million foreign workers out of a total workforce of 12.3 million in 2011. These foreign workers are mainly from ASEAN member countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Myanmar. Most of them are involved in sectors such as manufacturing, plantation, construction and agriculture. International migration has resulted in an array of issues and challenges to the country or place of origin as well as the country or place of destination. Benefits of it should be reaped while problems arising should be managed wisely. Migration has had an impact on the economy, education, health, security, community and family. Internal migration in Malaysia is also on the rise. The 2011 Migration Survey shows that the migration rate increased from 1.9 to 2.5 percent between the 2009-2010 and 2010–2011 period. Internal migration in Malaysia is selective in terms of gender, age and other socio-demographic characteristics, and it is dominated by those in the age group 15 to 34 years. Various policies and programmes have been initiated to address issues pertaining to migrants. Some emerging issues that are now associated with migration are the ‘transnational family’, child care and social ills. This paper highlights the key findings from surveys done by the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development (MWFCD) and the National Population and Family Development Board (NPFDB). The Survey on the Implications of Employing Foreign Domestic Helpers (FDH) on the Family Institution in Malaysia was conducted by the MWFCD in 2009. The study found that many families rely on FDH for child care and domestic work. Some of the families find that having a FDH has a negative effect on their family relationships while some have no problems with it. The Study on Indonesian Migrants in Tawau, Sabah conducted by the NPFDB in 2010 found that the local community in Sabah felt that the presence of Indonesian migrants in their community had both positive and negative effects. The effects of migrants were studied from the perspective of economy, education, health, safety, culture, as well as housing and neighbourhood.
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