"Protecting and Strengthening the Family Through National Family Planning Programme: Indonesia's Experience"

Satria, Yurni (2006) "Protecting and Strengthening the Family Through National Family Planning Programme: Indonesia's Experience". In: Family Scholars Colloquium, 7-8 August 2006, Impian KLCC Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Indonesia, similar to other countries in the region, has been experiencing problems that threaten family cohesiveness, such as: poverty, prolonged socio-economic crisis, modernization and globalization. If not addressed adequately these threats to family cohesiveness will also be potential threat to the development of human resources in Indonesia. Thus protecting the family becomes an important aspects for the development of the nation, requiring contribution of three major parties, namely: government commitment; family motivation; and community support. The paper examines the Indonesian government's efforts to protect and strengthen families through the national family planning program. The Indonesia's family Planning program was established in early 1970. After the ICPD 1994, the program has expanded its mission and dealt not only with contraceptive services and family welfare but also other aspects of reproductive health and reproductive rights as well, shifting its vision to become quality family, instead of small and happy family. he high commitment of the Government towards promoting Family Planning and Welfare is expressed through legal policy aspects and the programmatic interventions. Within the legal policy aspects, laws and regulations had been developed and enacted, such as Abolition of Domestic Violence Law no 23/2004 and Protection of Child's Rights Law no 23/2002 and the Law on Population no 10/1992, which is continuously being revised to adapt with current needs and demands. The programmatic intervention constitutes by the Family Welfare aspect consists of two major components, namely: Economic Empowerment and family Resilience. The Economic Empowerment will address intervention to families through productive-income generating activity groups with special attention to entrepreneurship spirit. This component also introduces saving habits and learning condition to combat consumptive lifestyle, through small credit and saving habits and saving schemes; Development Credit for Partnership, and revolving funds. This component attempts to strengthen family as well as poverty alleviation. The second component, i.e. family Resilience that promotes eight family functions; and life cycle approach, involving three principles or strategies, namely: integrated,; community participation and capacity building. For a family to attain a prosperous level it must be performing the eight core family functions namely: faith and ethics strengthening; culture and heritage fostering; love and affection sharing; sanctuary for its members; reproductive cycle and life planning; socialization within and outside the family; economic sustainability and development; and environment preservation. As for the life cycle approach is meant by, that the family should nurture and care for its members since the embryo until reaching elderly. This component attempts to protect the family from any negative influence that threatens family cohesiveness and ultimately enabling the family to produce the high quality of human resources of the country.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: poverty, socio-economic crisis, modernization, globalization.
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 302 Social interaction
Division/Agency/State: LPPKN - National Population and Family Development Board, Malaysia > Division of Family Development
Deposited By: Mr Mustapha Muhamad
Deposited On: 21 Aug 2013 02:33
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2013 04:23
URI: http://familyrepository.lppkn.gov.my/id/eprint/340

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