Population, human capital and development: the Malaysia experience / Cheong Kee Cheok, Goh Kim Leng, Abdillah Noh, Kuppusamy Singaraveloo and Lee Hwok Aun

Cheong, Kee Cheok and Goh, Kim Leng and Singaraveloo, Kuppusamy and Lee, Hwok Aun (2014) Population, human capital and development: the Malaysia experience / Cheong Kee Cheok, Goh Kim Leng, Abdillah Noh, Kuppusamy Singaraveloo and Lee Hwok Aun. In: National Population Conference on the Inter-Relationship Between Population Dynamics and Development, 26 June 2014, Palm Garden Hotel, IOI Resort, Putrajaya. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Like other countries in East and Southeast Asia, Malaysia has undergone a rapid demographic transition to low fertility. This has meant a growing share of the economically active population that will eventually peak as ageing becomes more pronounced. The potential increase in the labor force has been undermined by both rising enrollment in upper secondary and tertiary education, as well as by many females remaining outside the labor force. Together with high economic growth, this has created a shortage of labor. Immigrant labor, both legal and illegal, has stepped in to fill the gap but entrenched a low labor cost model. Breaking out of this requires strengthening the country’s human capital base. While generous government expenditure and liberalization of the education sector has resulted in significant gains in numbers enrolled, several factors have had a negative effect on education quality. Unless reversed, this deterioration has long-term implications for the country’s development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: National Population and Family Development (NPFDB) in collaboration with Population Studies Unit, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya.
Keywords: population, human capital, development, Malaysia
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 303 Social processes
Division/Agency/State: LPPKN - National Population and Family Development Board, Malaysia > Division of Population
Deposited By: Mrs Nor Azaian Abdullah
Deposited On: 03 Jul 2014 07:54
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 08:20
URI: http://familyrepository.lppkn.gov.my/id/eprint/397

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