Household income and life satisfaction of single mothers in Malaysia

Abdul Talib, Muzalwana and Abdul Mutalib, Noor Khaleeda and Shahabudin, Sharifah Muhairah and Mahmud, Adzmel (2020) Household income and life satisfaction of single mothers in Malaysia. In: The 10th Putrajaya International Conference On Children, Women, Elderly and Persons with Disabilities 2020 (PiCCWED10), 7-8 March 2020, Shaftsbury Steller, Hotel & Residences, Putrajaya. (Unpublished)

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Single parenting is not an uncommon family setting in Malaysia. Past studies, however, tend to confirm that increasing number of single mothers is also related to increasing number of households living in poverty. Issues on single mothers in Malaysia has initiated many social groups, non-governmental organizations and government agencies to join force in eradicating poverty among the single mothers. Until today, the current information available on single mothers in Malaysia is still limited. This study attempts to explore the socio – demographic and economic background of single mothers in Malaysia and to examine their income category and level of poverty. This study utilizes the Fifth Malaysian Population Survey (MPFS5) data. MPFS5 is a nationally representative large-scale research conducted by the National Population and Family Development (NPFDB) in 2014. However, for this study, the target respondents are working single mothers (either widowed, divorced, separated); aged 15- 59 years old; residing in Peninsular Malaysia and have children staying together with them. Findings from this study reveal that household income of single mothers falls under the B40 category but there is not enough evidence to claim that their household income is below the poverty line. Chi – Square test of associations prove relationships between poverty level to socio – demographic variables such as level of education and residential states, while PLS – SEM techniques show that income category of single mothers is somehow related to the predictors of life satisfaction construct and the overall life satisfaction. Single mothers are already facing limited job market and reduced salary with their low level of educational attainment. Therefore, some suggested policy recommendations are to protect and promote single mothers involved in elementary occupations and to create more quality jobs to develop these women from the existing low-paid of the informal into the formal sectors.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: single mother, women, poverty, socio-economy, life satisfaction
Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 305 Social groups
Division/Agency/State: UNSPECIFIED
Deposited By: Mrs Nor Azaian Abdullah
Deposited On: 04 May 2020 06:10
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 06:10

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