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Results for Division/Agency : "LPPKN - National Population and Family Development Board, Malaysia: Human Resources Management Division"
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The well-being of adolescents in divorced families
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
R. Subramaniam, Sarada Devi and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2020
Abstract:  This study aimed to explore an in-depth understanding on the wellness of teenagers in divorced families. This qualitative study used the phenomenological approach to explore the experience of ten teenagers living with single mothers after the divorce of their parents. Participants in this research are 10 teenagers age between 16 to 18 years’ old who lived with their mothers after their parents' divorce. The duration of their parents' divorce during the data collection was in the range of one to ten years. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and document analysis by social media. Data were analysed using NVIVO12 software. Nine themes and 26 sub-themes emerged from this study. Three main themes and ten subthemes answered the first research question on, what is the meaning of wellness among teenagers in divorced families? Another three more theme and eight sub themes answered the second research question on, what are the perception of teenagers towards wellness in divorced families? The remaining three themes and eight sub themes answered the third research question on, how does divorce changes the wellness in teenager’s life? In conclusion, teenagers’ in this study accepted the changes that occurred as a result of parental divorce. The implications of this study is viewed from three aspects; 1) practical implications for professions such as counselors, 2) theoretical implications for future research, and 3) implications in the field of education for the wellness of the community. The information extracted from the findings of this study can help counselors to understand better on the actual living experience of teenagers in divorced families. The study also helps counsellors to understand how some teenagers manage to live a successful life and fulfilling all the wellness of life in spite of living in divorced families. As this study only focus on teenagers living with their mother after their parents’ divorce, it recommends future researchers to consider exploring areas of wellness among teenagers in joint custody parents or teenagers living with their single father after the parental divorce.
 
 
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Perkembangan hubungan perkahwinan pasangan kekal berkahwin dalam kitaran perkembangan keluarga
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Jalil, Salmi Jalina and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2020
Abstract:  The developmental perspective is one of the elements taken into account in the development of marital relationships in the family development cycle as it explains the process of transformation encountered by the lasting marriage couples chronologically, before marriage to ageing. Therefore, this study is inspired to explore the process of marital relationships development, the developmental tasks and challenges endured by the lasting marriage couples in the family development cycle through three research. questions. These questions are (I) What is the marital relationship development process of the lasting marriage couples in the family development cycle? (ii) How do the developmental tasks of the lasting marriage couples remain in each phase of development? and (iii) What challenges do the lasting marriage couples faced during each phase of development? In addition to answer every question, the researcher employs qualitative research through hermeneutic phenomenology design. The researcher applies the purposive sampling method. This research involves 12 urban and rural couples that fulfilled the criteria. The researcher used three data sources which includes in-depth interviews, observations and documents analysis. The data were analysed through the hermeneutic circle method and analyzed thematically using the Nvivo Plus 12 application. Overall, the study found 179 themes explaining the developmental process of marriage relationships, developmental tasks and strategies of achievement and also challenges facing married couples in the chronology of the development in marriage relationship in the family development cycle. This study proposes four phases of the development in marital relationships development in the family development cycle, namely (i) the premarital development phase; (ii) the early developmental phase of the marriage; (iii) the mid-marriage development phase; and (iv) the developmental phase of lasting marriage. The four stages of the development incorporate eight transitional elements, ten roles and 22 marital relationship goals. Besides that, there are a total of 22 developmental tasks undergone by the lasting marriage couples in all four phases of development. The developmental task is a responsibility that must be fulfilled in marriage. In this research, the task of sustaining a marital relationship is one of the most critical responsibilities couples do in every phases other than parenting duties and relationships with others, such as in-laws and communities. Implementation of development tasks involves 96 strategies. The main strategy used by couples to carry out duties of development involves elements of religion, love and affection and responsibility. Lasting marriage couples also undergone 21 challenges according to the chronology of the developmental phase of the marriage relationship. The most common challenges faced by couples throughout the marriage are third-party intervention, financial and an unexpected event. Furthermore, the dyadic coping, which involves the cooperation of the couple in their marriage reflects the couples' success through each phase of development. Hence, the outcomes of the research develop the conceptual model of the development of marital relationships in the family cycle, as a reference and guide in the field of marriage and family research. This study also proposes significant suggestions in developing future lasting marriage relationship research.
 
 
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Seroprevalence and factors associated with chlamydia trachomatis Infection among subfertile couples attending local public subfertility clinic
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Nekmat, Nily waheeda and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2020
Abstract:  Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the agents that cause the sexually transmitted infections called chlamydia. People practicing risky sexual behaviours such as having multiple sex partners, exercising sexual intercourse at an early age, and undergoing unprotected sexual intercourse (without condom) with casual partners, are at risk of getting Chlamydia trachomatis infection. One of the significant, long term implications of risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmitted infection is infertility problems. The objectives of this study are to determine the seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) among subfertile couples (husband and wife) of The Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara (LPPKN) Subfertility Clinic and the factors associated with it (i.e. socio-demographic, duration of marriage, infertility factor, knowledge, attitude, practice of risky sexual behaviour (RSB) and predictors of Chlamydia trachomatis infection). The study is a cross-sectional study involving 112 infertile couples who underwent fertility treatment at LPPKN Subfertility Clinic from February 2018 until February 2019. Sociodemographic factors, duration of marriage, infertility factor, knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of risky sexual behavior (RSB) variables were determined via self-administered questionnaire that includes close ended questions. Meanwhile, Chlamydia trachomatis antigen and antibody (CT IgG) were determined via Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and rapid visual immunoassay test kit. This approach is selected to detect past and current infections of Chlamydia trachomatis through antibody and antigen detection in the blood serum, endocervical swab and urine samples. The response rate of this study was 97.39%. Majority of the respondents were aged between 25-34 years old and dominated by Malay ethnicity. Half of the respondents were among those with tertiary level of education and working in the private sector. In term of duration of marriage, half of the samples were couples who have been married for 3-7 years with majority of them had primary infertility. The female factor was reported to be the most dominant, followed by the unexplained factor and male factor. The seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis among subfertile couples was 22.1% with 14.7% in husbands and 17.9 %, was reported among wives. In terms of knowledge, the results showed that most couples had high level of knowledge about risky sexual behaviours with a score of more than the mean (> 6) for both husbands and wives. Meanwhile, each husband and wife group had positive attitude towards risky sexual behavior. Approximately, 35.7% of husbands and 12.5% of wives were engaged with risky sexual behavior while a higher percentage of premarital sex was reported among the husbands compared to the wives. The chi-square results showed no association between CT status and socio -demographic factors, marital status and knowledge of RSB among subfertile couples. A significant association was recorded between CT and practices of RSB among couples (p< 0.05) particularly among those with multiple sex partners and husbands who had premarital sex (p<0.05). However, the Binary Logistic Regression analysis showed that none of the selected variables were significant predictors of CT status among the couples (p> 0.05). This study has determined that the seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (22.1%) and practices of risky sexual behavior among subfertile couples were high. Even though the results have shown no association between the dependent and independent variables, our finding has given an evidence based detection of past infection of Chlamydia trachomatis among subfertile couples. The practice of RSB has interrelated risk of getting CT and its long term consequences particularly on women reproductive system. Since the awareness on CT among public is considered low, it is crucial to sensitize them about it to ensure early detection and prevention. Therefore, CT screening is strongly recommended to be integrated in fertility work up. treatment and be promoted among sexually active adolescents and those young in age.
 
 
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Fathers' bonding and self-esteem among trainees in the drugs treatment and rehabilitation center in Melaka
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Bakri, Zaharin and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/05/2018
Abstract:  The paper discusses a survey study that examined the father’s bonding and its relationship with self-esteem. A total of 97 trainees in Cure and Care Rehabilitation Centre (CCRC), Tiang Dua, Melaka who participated in the study had responded to questionnaires on aspects of fathers’ bonding and their self-esteem. Analysis of correlation between fathers’ bonding and self-esteem were performed. Frequency count, percentage and mean were also calculated to examine the parenting involvement among fathers. The Pearson r Value, the significant and t-Test were used to the objectives of the study. Results indicated that 65% have lower bonding with their father’s whereas only 35% have had a high father’s bonding. The t-test also showed there is non significant correlation in the index of father’s bonding with self-esteem (Sig=.402 and r value= -0.086). However, the respondents felt that their fathers were unfriendly and had little communication with them. The correlation between fathers’ bonding and their self-esteem was rather low. This implies that the roles of father in parenting need to be examined further.
 
 
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Peranan sosialisasi ibu atau bapa komuter dipermudahkan dengan bantuan teknologi gajet dan media sosial: kajian kes di bangunan Ibu Pejabat LPPKN
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Omar, Abd. Halil and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2018
Abstract:  This study looks into the role of parents as the socialisation agent for their children in the lives of commuter families, which refers to the parents who do not live with their children due to distance and occupational demands. The rapid development of gadgets and social media technology such as the development of smart phones and web 2.0 has allowed online social interactions made possible and can be used as a medium of change in being able to connect people who are at a distance from each other as seen in the case of commuter children and their parents. This study looks closely at how gadgets and social media technology helps parents of commuter families who work specifically at the LPPKN headquarters building and the role it plays as a socialisation agent for their children. There are three research objectives in this study and they are as follows i) to explore the usage of gadgets and social media technology by parents in commuter families, ii) to identify the parenting style that is practiced by parents in commuter families when interacting with their children, iii) to analyse the effects of gadgets and social media technology on the role of parents in commuter families as the socialisation agent for their children. This study uses the qualitative approach through in-depth interviews and non-participant observation there are 10 participants involved in this study that was selected using purposive sampling. The symbolic interactionism and dramaturgy theory was used to explain the role of gadgets and social media technology to the parents of commuter families and in helping them to understand their role in the socialisation of their children. Results from the study has shown that the use of gadgets and social media technology has definitely aided parents in commuter families' role in being the socialisation agent for their children through online interactions. Other results include gaining insight to the authoritative parenting style that is executed in a democratic nature of commuter family parents and their consciousness towards the needs of their children. Besides that, the study has shown that gadgets and social media technology has given a positive effect towards parents of commuter families' role in being the socialisation agent for their children, in that it strengthens the bond and interactions between parent and child. This study has found that the use of gadgets and social media technology has enabled parents of commuter families to exercise their socialisation responsibilities towards their children through means of educating them and instilling moral values.
 
 
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Parenting style and risk level of drug abuse among students in USIM
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Mohd Mazlan, Mohd Mazua and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2018
Abstract:  Drug issue is a worldwide problem being faced by many countries and creates a complicated social problem including drug abuse among teenagers. This requires an aggressive corrective action by related agencies because it is getting rampant and has yet to be resolved. Nevertheless, society cannot always depend upon the related agencies to solve this problem. The family institution is believed to also have a role to prevent or reduce the drug abuse rate in teenagers. Looking on this aspect, the parenting style is important in shaping good character in behavior, interest, goals, and beliefs of the teenagers. A total of 121 Tamhidi students in USIM involved as respondents for the present study. Each respondent was given a questionnaire with 60 questions, represented by three sections which are - A: Demography; B: DAST-20; and C: Parenting Style. Results revealed that gender has a significant difference (p<0.05) on sociodemographic characteristic. However, no significant difference (p>0.05) were observed on the age, parent marital status, and family household. On the other part of the study, significant difference (p<0.05) was observed on the parenting style. Authoritarian style of parenting has recorded with a low-risk (46.3%) drug taking by the respondents followed by permissive parenting style (25.0%). The analysis also revealed that respondents with parent who are applying the authoritative parenting style had no-risk of possibility on taking drug (96.7%). In summary, socio-demographic attribute on gender and permissive parenting styles has been associated with high-risk drug abuse among respondents in the present study.
 
 
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Relationship between family functioning, parenting behaviour, self-efficacy, and gender on risky behaviour amongst adolescents in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Mohd Hedzir, Annita and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/00/2018
Abstract:  Adolescence is the developmental period marked by a rise in risk-taking behaviours. The high rate of adolescents’ involvement in risky behaviours in the past decades has created a vast amount of attention on the impact to their future. In Malaysia, the impact of risky behaviour has been alarming as evidenced by the media reports on baby dumping, unwanted pregnancies, drug addiction and juvenile delinquency. The increasing trend of adolescents’ involvement in risky behaviour may be associated with social- and self-factors. The current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between family functioning, parenting behaviours, self-efficacy, and gender on risky behaviours amongst adolescents in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This quantitative study utilised a descriptive and correlational research design. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. A total of 411 adolescents aged 15 to 18 years were recruited as respondents. Six instruments were used namely the Family Perception Scale, the Parental Monitoring Scale, the General SelfEfficacy Scale, the Adolescent Alcohol and Drug Involvement Scale, the Adolescent Sexual Activity Index, and the Self-Reported Delinquent-Problem Behaviour Frequency Scale to measure the respective variables. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate statistics were used in analyses to address the specific objectives of the study. The study found that 12.6% of adolescents reported engagement in substance use, 47.2% in risky sexual behaviour, and 52.1% in delinquency. The independent t-test analysis showed that the proportion of male adolescents who engaged in substance use was higher compared to female. There were no significant differences between male and female in risky sexual behaviour and delinquency. Findings of this study showed that self-efficacy only moderated the relationship between parental monitoring and substance use, whereby the effect is strongest among adolescents with low self-efficacy, and weakest among adolescents with high self-efficacy. This suggested that there is low risky for adolescents to involve in substance use if the adolescent has higher level of self-efficacy. Meanwhile, gender only moderated the relationship between parental monitoring and risky sexual behaviour, whereby the effect is stronger among male adolescents compared to female adolescents. This suggested that male adolescents tend to involve more with risky sexual behaviour compared to female adolescents. The present study conclude that family functioning (family cohesion, communication), parenting behaviour (parental monitoring and parental involvement), self-efficacy and gender influence risky behaviours (substance use, risky sexual behaviour and delinquency) amongst adolescents in Kuala Lumpur. The findings has implication for parents as well as individuals and professional working with adolescents. Parental monitoring was significantly correlated with substance use thus parents were suggested to provide appropriate monitoring to increase awareness that their involvement is crucial in reducing adolescents’ substance use. They also need to be equipped with appropriate skills to establish high quality relationship with their adolescent children. The finding also call for intervention to provide adolescents with necessary skills to help them avoid being involved in risky behaviour.
 
 
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Kajian bagi mengenalpasti faktor-faktor risiko kanser payudara yang berkaitan dengan gaya hidup dalam kalangan wanita melayu di Kuala Lumpur
Item Type: Thesis
Author: 
Affandi, Khuzailah and
Author: 
Editor: 
Year:  00/02/2016
Abstract:  Breast cancer is the most common cancer that has affected women all over the world. The worldwide rates of breast cancer incidence and mortality show a drastic and alarming increase. Until today the cause of the disease has yet to be identified. However, evidences from extensive researches related to breast cancer found that there were several lifestyle factors and some biomedical factors of the women that are scientifically recognized to increase the risk for breast cancer. In Malaysia, recent data obtained from data obtained from the National Population and Family Development Board (NPFDB) shows the incidence rate of breast cancer among Malay women was found to have increased drastically in the last 8 years. This study aimed to identify risk factors, especially those related to lifestyle that may increase the risk of breast cancer among Malay women in Kuala Lumpur. The study also examined the knowledge of breast cancer among informants. A total of twelve breast cancer survivors were interviewed in depth to identify and explore aspects of past lifestyle and biomedical background that may likely to increase their risk of getting breast cancer. Results show that some lifestyle and biological risk factors seen likely to increase the risk of getting breast cancer; late age at first birth or has never given birth (nulliparity), has never breastfed or short period of breastfed, obesity, physical inactivity, high frequency of red meat intake, less intake of vegetables and fruits, psychological stress, family history of breast cancer and radiation treatment to the chest or breast. The study also found that the majority of the informants had poor knowledge regarding breast cancer.
 
 
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