||600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
||LPPKN - National Population and Family Development Board, Malaysia: Population and Family Research Division
||High energy, Nutrient dense, Supplementary functional food, Vitamin D, Stunted
||This journal article is the result of a paper presentation at the National Population Conference 2021 (PERKKS 21) on 16-17 November 2021. It is jointly organized by the National Population and Family Development Board (LPPKN), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Malaysia, Faculty of Business and Economics, Universiti Malaya (UM) in collaboration with WMIT Group Sdn Bhd.
||Poverty, obesity and lifestyles are the most associated factors of vitamin D deficiency among urban-living children in Malaysia. Vitamin D is necessary for calcium absorption from food to ensure healthy bones and teeth. Vitamin D deficiency can cause soft and brittle bones disease known as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Based on previous research, lack of nutritional knowledge among parents can contribute to nutrition deficiencies in children. To overcome this issue, nutritional education and awareness campaign among parents are needed. Besides campaign, the development of supplementary functional food which can provide crucial nutrients and energy that can assist in brain and body growth seems beneficial.