||300 Social sciences > 305 Social groups
||LPPKN - National Population and Family Development Board, Malaysia: Population and Family Research Division
||Adolescent, Poverty, National strategic plan, HIV epidemic, Aids, Population, Malaysia
||Excerpts from Malaysia country statement at the 38th session of the United Nations Commission on Population and Development, 4-8 April 2005, New York.
||By June 2004, the cumulative number of HIV infections was 60,621 with 8,840 cases of AIDS and 6,523 deaths. The main mode of transmission is intravenous drug use followed by heterosexual transmission. The HIV infection rate is highest among young adults aged 20-39 years while the proportion of women infected with HIV is also increasing. In this regard, more than 40 percent of those infected with HIV are fishermen and odd job workers, the occupation sectors that are often associated with those living in poverty. The major challenge for Malaysia is to increase the geographical coverage of HIV/AIDS-related services and their reach especially to vulnerable populations and those living in poverty.