The increasing number of elderly in Malaysia calls for a more stringent policy to safeguard the well-being of the elderly. The old age protection such as the pension scheme, Employees Provident Fund and the old age cash assistance although in tact, deemed to be inadequate to eradicate elderly poverty. One possible solution to secure financial protection during old age is through social pension that provides non-labor income for the retirees or elderly with the purpose of preventing or reducing elderly poverty. This paper attempts to estimate the financial cost of social pension scheme and quantify its potential role in reducing elderly poverty in Malaysia. The financial cost of social pension scheme was calculated as a percentage to GDP. By using the 2009 household income expenditure survey, the paper estimated the potential roles of social pension in eradicating elderly poverty. Sensitivity analysis indicated that the cost social pension could be kept at an average of 1.30 percentage of GDP. The 2009 HIES data also indicated that poverty could be eventually be eradicated with social pension while cost of the social pension was kept at reasonable levels.
Ageing population is a universal phenomenon experienced by nearly all countries in the world at different rates. Malaysia, for example with a total population of 28.6 million in 2011, has experienced a steady rise in its older persons (those aged 60 years and above) from 6.3 % in 2000 to 7.7 % (or 2.2 million) in 2011. By 2020, it is estimated that the number of older persons in Malaysia will be 5.5 million and by 2030, older persons will constitute 15 % of the total population.
Statistics shows that those aged 60 years and above in Malaysia stood at 7.9 % in 2010 and the rate will reach 15.3 % by 2030, classified as one of the fastest nation to achieve aged country status within 20 years. This fast pace of ageing population is as a result of longer life expectancy and rapid decline in total fertility rate.
The World Population Day 2023 infographic shows Malaysia's Gender Gap Index in conjunction with the theme of the World Population Day 2023 celebration at the national level which is "Unleashing the Power of Gender Equality and Promoting the Rights of Women and Girls" and also an overview of data on women's rights and women's empowerment.
Peranan, tahap kesejahteraan, cabaran dan persediaan golongan wanita dalam menghadapi situasi pandemik covid-19 di Malaysia
Towards post COVID-19, most of the daily routines of Malaysian women's life have changed. The change in routine includes the management of household affairs, work routine to work from home (work from home) and socializing routine. As a result, society, especially women, is seen as increasingly depressed due to the loss of sources of income, limited involvement in outdoor activities and problems in balancing work and family time. Aware of this situation, the National Population and Family Development Board Malaysia (NPFDB) has taken the initiative to conduct a series of public opinion surveys throughout 2020 and 2021. This study aims to explore the role, level of well-being, challenges and preparations of women in facing the pandemic situation COVID-19 in Malaysia. This study is an online survey study. The findings of this study are a reflection of the current situation of society and family institutions in Malaysia in facing several new waves during the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings of the survey show that women are more affected than men, but the level of well-being of women in Malaysia is seen to be still at a satisfactory level. In addition, the results of the study also found that women stated that they are faced with various issues and challenges especially for those who are married. Issues of family management, children's education at home and more flexible working hours should be highlighted for consideration by the Government. It is hoped that various initiatives and development plans related to women can be planned in addition to strengthening existing policies towards achieving the aspiration of "Building a CIVIL Malaysia". In general, the chapters in this book contribute to knowledge related to the current situation of women in facing the new normal life. While in particular, the chapters in this book contribute to knowledge related to the role, well-being, challenges and preparation of Malaysian women in facing the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic.
These tips are taken from the “Pendidikan Keselamatan Keluarga dan Anak (PEKA)” module that was introduced by the National Population and Family Development Board (NPFDB) last year. It aims to provide knowledge and raise awareness about child safety issues as well as provide basic rescue skills including cybersecurity among parents, guardians and community.
The 56th Session of The Commission On Population And Development, United Nations New York, 10-14 April 2023
Education is a longstanding right enshrined in human rights and developmental instruments, including in the Plan of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). The ICPD Plan of Action also recognizes the key role of education in sustainable development, as well as the responsibilities of different stakeholders, particularly parents, in this regard. Investments in education systems are of utmost importance for population growth, as it empowers people to lead better, healthier and sustainable lives. For Malaysia, the education system serves as a fundamental component in our quest to be a developed nation, and in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Strengthening of human capital through education is a priority to Malaysia, with the Government providing free education to citizens up to secondary level.
The Malaysian Ministry of Health has defined menopause as a situation of menstrual loss that will occur among women aged 45 to 55 years. However, it is undeniable that menopause can also occur before a woman turns 40 due to health factors. Past studies on postmenopause have focused on physical health aspects such as effects on hormones, sleep and medical support given to postmenopausal women.
Tahap kesejahteraan penduduk warga tua: kajian kes warga tua Bandar Baru Sungai Buloh
By 2030, Malaysia is projected by the United Nations to reach the ageing country status with 15 percent of the country’s population aged 60 and above. This aging phenomenon is seen to cause a great impact and challenge to the development of the country. Approriate planning is needed to deal with this phenomenon and ensure the well-being of the elderly. This study was conducted to identify the elements of the well-being of the elderly and their level of well-being by making Bandar Baru Sungai Buloh as the study area.
Malaysian youths at risk: a review of mental health and maladaptive behaviors
The contemporary world with its constant changes and challenges often poses great risks to the mental health of young people who are at the age of learning about themselves and the world they live in. Similarly, recent developments have indicated that Malaysian youths today are greatly affected by mental health issues and are easily driven by maladaptive behaviors.
Relationship between family functioning, resilience and psychological well-being among B40 youths in the Klang Valley district
Global economic uncertainties in the COVID-19 era have had an adverse impact on many households across nations, including Malaysian households. In particular, the B40 households have seen an upsurge in the cost of living, which puts a strain on their purchasing power. The Malaysian government has implemented various initiatives to alleviate the financial burdens of the B40 groups, such as Bantuan Prihatin Malaysia. Yet, the psychological wellbeing of the B40 group’s families are not under care.
Redefining quality interpersonal communication in marriage from divorcees’ perspectives
Quality interpersonal communication is essential in the development and maintenance of any relationship, including marriage. As society adapts to new avenues of communication, married couples often underestimate the relevance of interpersonal communication in their relationship due to their lack of understanding of quality interpersonal communication. Therefore, this study investigated the conceptualisation of quality interpersonal communication through the lens of Relational Dialectic Theory in marriage from the perspectives of divorcees.
Examining the wellbeing of families during the acute phase of covid-19
The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent movement restriction order (MCO) imposed an acute threat to the well-being of families caused by the threats linked to the social disruption including financial insecurity, caregiving burden, and confinement-related stress (e.g., crowding, changes to the arrangement, and routine). Also, many people have needed help even if they were not infected. This paper investigates the wellbeing of families in Malaysia during the pandemic.